Blockchain For Food: Making Sense of Technology and the Impact on Biofortified Seeds


de Ruyter de Wildt, Marieke ; van Ginkel, Menno; Coppoolse, Kirsten; van Maarseveen, Bart; Walton, Jenny & Kruseman, Gideon. (2019). Blockchain For Food: Making Sense of Technology and the Impact on Biofortified Seeds. CGIAR Platform for Big Data in Agriculture. 49 p.

Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/106615


The global food system is under pressure and is in the early stages of a major transition towards more transparency, circularity, and personalisation. In the coming decades, there is an increasing need for more food production with fewer resources. Thus, increasing crop yields and nutritional value per crop is arguably an important factor in this global food transition. Biofortification can play an important role in feeding the world. Biofortified seeds create produce with increased nutritional values, mainly minerals and vitamins, while using the same or less resources as non-biofortified variants. However, a farmer cannot distinguish a biofortified seed from a regular seed. Due to the invisible nature of the enhanced seeds, counterfeit products are common, limiting wide-scale adoption of biofortified crops. Fraudulent seeds pose a major obstacle in the adoption of biofortified crops. A system that could guarantee the origin of the biofortified seeds is therefore required to ensure widespread adoption. This trust-ensuring immutable proof for the biofortified seeds, can be provided via blockchain technology.

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